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Conifer roots, in general, are relatively shallow though they are dense. Most of the roots reside in the top 1m of the soil the tree is in. But this does depend on the soil type and drainage. However, the roots spread wildly. Conifer roots can spread up to three times the radius of the tree canopy. This makes the roots very difficult to dig up but also helps them stay upright in the worst of storms.
When young the conifers usually have more of a round rootball. This means, that if you intend to dig up conifers, permanently or to replant them into a different position, then it’s best down as soon as possible whilst they are still young and manageable.
For information on how to look after conifers so their roots grow strong and healthy, check out my article about the common problems with this tree and how to revive the trees from them.
If you have a conifer which is turning brown, learn why this might be here instead of removing it, maybe you can still save it after all.